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Title: Non-markovian quantum dynamics
Authors: Torre, Gianpaolo
Noce, Canio
Illuminati, Fabrizio
Keywords: Non-markovian dynamics
Open quantum systems
Issue Date: 28-Apr-2016
Publisher: Universita degli studi di Salerno
Abstract: Quantum systems can necessarily be viewed as open systems. As in classical physics, any realistic description of a system must take into account the cou- pling to an environment that strongly in uences the system itself. Since perfect isolation of a quantum system is not feasible and the complete description of the degrees of freedom of the environment is not possible, it is required a description that accounts for these aspects. Furthermore, not all the degrees of freedom are of interest in order to e ectively describe the system. Hence a probabilistic ap- proach to a quantum evolution is most appropriate: the idea is to consider only the degrees of freedom that are useful, thus reducing to a small set the number of variables needed to describe the evolution of the system. In last years the remarkable progress of quantum technologies opened up new perspective in the investigation of the dynamics of open systems; in this sense, particularly relevant are the techniques which allow to control the degrees of freedom of the environment that in uence the system of interest. Till now the attention was focused on the methods to reduce the detrimental e ect on the quantum properties of the system-environment interaction; namely, on the methods allowing to make the system the more isolated as possible. On the other hand, it has been experimentally checked that in situations requiring ef- fective quantum transfer a system-environment coupling can become a resource: an example is provided by e cient quantum-information processing , in which the present thesis is speci cally framed. The question is that a set of approxi- mations usually exploited in describing quantum evolution (collectively known as Markovian approximation) are too strong to carefully manage some quantum phenomena. The aim of this thesis is twofold. On the one hand, the characterization and quanti cation of non-Markovian content for continuous-variable quantum systems; on the other hand, its possible usefulness as a resource in the frame- work of Quantum Information. The attention is focused mainly on the class of Gaussian states and Gaussian channels; this choice is motivated by their exper- imental relevance, and by the advantage to pass from the in nite-dimensional Hilbert space to a nite-dimensional Hilbert space because, in this case, we can exploit the nite-dimensional matrix analysis. However, we consider also some non-Gaussian resources, which are anyway needful for implementing uni- versal quantum computation, an potentially more powerful for all the quantum protocols. [edited by author]
Description: 2014 - 2015
Appears in Collections:Fisica

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abstract in inglese G. Torre.pdfabstract in inglese a cura dell'autore29,66 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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