Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Novel macrocyclic systems in asymmetric phase-transfer catalysis
Authors: Schettini, Rosaria
Guerra, Gaetano
Izzo, Irene
Della Sala, Giorgio
Lara, Jose Aleman
Keywords: Catalisi a trasferimento di fase asimmetrica
Issue Date: 27-Feb-2017
Publisher: Universita degli studi di Salerno
Abstract: In the great realm of organic synthesis, phase-transfer catalysis (PTC) is a well recognized methodology which plays a key role both in industry and academia research. This process involves reactions that take place between reagents which are located in different phases, for example an inorganic water-soluble reagent and a substrate soluble in the organic phase. Considering the well-defined advantages of asymmetric phase-transfer catalysis as a powerful method for organic synthesis, the aim of this research project is to introduce novel macrocycle systems as new and efficient catalysts in this field. First of all, considering the advantages of the easy synthetic process for the preparation of cyclopeptoids, their well-explored complexation properties and the preliminary study on the application as phase-transfer catalysts, the idea is to deeply investigate their use in PTC. The advantages of the solid phase synthesis, such as the easy purification of the intermediates and the modular nature of the products, make cyclopeptoids ideal candidates for the discovery of new catalytic systems, as it is possible to incorporate a wide variety of functionalities inside the backbone of the macrocycle in an expeditious way. As a consequence, a library of peptoid-based chiral macrocycles of different size, decorated with alternating residues of L-Proline and different aromatic side chains, will be prepared and used for enantioselective alkylation reactions. The scope of this project extends also to the investigation of novel chiral calixarenes. However, in this case, the idea is to exploit the ability of calixarenes to form host-guest complexes with alkali cations. The study is also devoted to further explore the potential of crown ethers in new catalytic processes. The second chapter focus first on the synthesis of novel chiral cyclopeptoids and then on their application in asymmetric phase-transfer alkylations, in particular for the enantioselective synthesis of α-amino acids. Afterwards the application of new designed calixarenes for the same alkylation reaction is described. Finally the application of cyclopeptoidic systems in the enantioselective alkylation of 2-aryl-oxazoline-4 carboxylic acid esters is discussed. The third chapter describes the application of crown ethers in phase-transfer processes. For this purpose a diasteroselective methodology for the synthesis of γ-substituted butenolides by a direct vinylogous Mukayama-Michael reaction has been developed. [edited by author]
L’attività di ricerca svolta dalla Dr.ssa Schettini Rosaria ha riguardato la sintesi e l’applicazione di nuovi sistemi macrociclici nella catalisi asimmetrica a trasferimento di fase. In particolare, il progetto di dottorato è stato incentrato sulla sintesi di nuovi sistemi chirali di natura ciclopeptoidica impiegati come catalizzatori nel campo asimmetrico. Nel corso del dottorato nuovi sistemi calixarenici chirali sono stati impiegati nel medesimo campo. L’ultima parte del progetto ha riguardato l’impiego di catalizzatori facilmente reperibili in commercio, gli eteri corna. Essi sono stati impiegati con successo in una reazione altamente diastereoselettiva. Durante il corso di dottorato, la dott.ssa Schettini Rosara ha seguito costantemente le attività didattiche previste nel progetto. [a cura dell'autore]
Description: 2014 - 2015
Appears in Collections:Chimica

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
tesi R. Schettini.pdftesi di dottorato9,82 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
abstract in inglese R. Schettini.pdfabstract in inglese a cura dell'autore355,68 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
abstract in italiano R. Schettini.pdfabstract in italiano a cura dell'autore169,44 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.