La trasformazione dell’Ufficio europeo di sostegno per l’asilo in un’Agenzia per l’asilo: una lettura in prospettiva della proposta di riforma nel contesto del Nuovo Patto europeo su migrazione e asilo
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As part of the New European Pact on Migration and Asylum, Agencies clearly feature as the EU operational arms in aspects concerning both the internal dimension and the so-called ‘external dimension’ of the migratory phenomenon. The article aims to illustrate the main critical aspects relating to the EASO’s reform proposal as reformulated by the Commission in the context of the New Pact. According to this pending proposal, the Agency replacing EASO – the European Union Agency for Asylum (EUAA) – would play a decisive role, particularly with regard to its remit for the implementation of the new measures and for a more systematic monitoring of the norms regulating the European common asylum system. The paper will focus on specific issues that the setup of the EUAA institution raises – namely, the principles of subsidiarity and solidarity, the (supposed) erosion of the principle of conferral, and profiles of responsibility, control, and safeguarding of the actions of EUAA’s officials.