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Title: Novel technologies and process intensification in the production of micro-systems with pharmacological/nutraceutical activity
Authors: Dalmoro, Annalisa
Ciambelli, Paolo
Barba, Anna Angela
D’Amore, Matteo
Keywords: Intensificazione di processo
Rilascio controllato
Issue Date: 22-Apr-2015
Publisher: Universita degli studi di Salerno
Abstract: Purpose of the PhD thesis was to develop a novel microencapsulation process, designing and building a single-pot semi-continuous bench scale apparatus. The novel process is based on the coupling of two emerging techniques, involving ultrasound and microwave, used in atomization and heating operations, respectively. The process has been designed to respond to the needs for process intensification, i.e. improvement of process efficiency and cutting down of energy consumption. With this aim, a review of the main processes used for microencapsulation was first performed: conventional processes showed a number of drawbacks, such as high energy consumption, batch configuration, use of solvents and long times of production. On the basis of the state of the art, the idea of an intensified apparatus for particles production, exploiting alternative resources, such as ultrasound and microwave, was formulated. The apparatus was composed of three main sections: feeding, atomization, separation/stabilization. The feeding and atomization sections were built connecting a double channel ultrasonic atomizer to a system for feeding solutions in a purposely designed separation/stabilization section, thus realizing a semi-continuous apparatus. Separation section consisted of a wet-collector, i.e. a sort of hydrocyclone, which allowed a uniform distribution of the hardening solution and the consequent contact with the atomized drops, a filtering device, and a microwave oven. The wet-collector was placed into the microwave oven to obtain an “on-line” drying. Recirculation of the hardening solution, to renew contact surface between droplets and cross-linker, was guaranteed by a system of centrifugal pumps. In this configuration, when atomization occurred, drops were harvested in the wet-collector. After atomization, the obtained suspension was collected in the cross-linker tank, then the filtering device was inserted in the lower part of the wet-collector, so that hardening solution was recovered and particles settled on the filter, when the suspension was brought again to the wet-collector and after its complete emptying. An eventual following washing step can be done in a similar way to the previous hardening step. Finally, particles were stabilized by microwave drying, and then recovered. The steps for building the microencapsulation apparatus were accurately shown. Then, criteria used for components selection, in order to obtain the best performances from the plant, were highlighted. After building the plant, the process parameters were defined. First, the research for the best combination of feeding parameters, such as type of materials, composition, concentration and feed rate, that assure the encapsulation of the core material in the shell, was carried out. Then, the parameters of the ultrasonic atomizer (atomization section), essentially power, were tuned. Finally, for stabilization/separation section, fundamental was the relevant stabilization step, where microwave power was set to avoid too high temperatures that could degrade molecules... [edited by Author]
Description: 2011 - 2012
Appears in Collections:Scienza e tecnologie per l’industria chimica, farmaceutica e alimentare

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tesi_A_Dalmoro.pdftesi di dottorato1,98 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
abstract_in_inglese_A_Dalmoro.pdfabstract in inglese a cura dell'autore231,25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
abstract_in_italiano_A_Dalmoro.pdfabstract in italiano a cura dell'autore243,64 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

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