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Title: Five dimensions of innovation: Studying technological strategies through patent data
Authors: Cammarano, Antonello
Amendola, Alessandra
Caputo, Mauro
Keywords: Innovation strategies
Patent analysis
Patent quality
Issue Date: 21-Mar-2016
Publisher: Universita degli studi di Salerno
Abstract: Technological innovation is the key driver for technological progress and firms’ economic growth. Since firms pursue different innovation approaches, they achieve different innovation performances. Actually, a firm’s ability to develop technologies and products is strongly conditioned by its stock of knowledge, expertise and technology from prior R&D. The R&D conducted by companies is an investment activity whose output is the firm’s knowledge stock. This asset positively contributes to the firms’ future financial performance and, then, to its market value. The higher the level of innovativeness of the invention, the higher the expected technological and financial impact. As a matter of fact, some new technologies can be considered as an extension of previous innovations, whilst others are breakthrough, discontinuous or disruptive. Analysing technological innovation requires objective and standardized data, thus scholars often refer to patents. Actually, patents are a direct outcome of the inventive process, and more specifically of those inventions that are expected to have a commercial impact; furthermore, they capture the proprietary and competitive dimension of technological change. Since obtaining patent protection is costly and time-consuming, only inventions that are expected to provide benefits that outweigh cost are applied. Patents have been treated as the most important output indicators of innovative activities and patent data have become the focus of many tools and techniques to measure innovation. Among the information available in such documents, technology classification, assignee field, citations and patent families are used to define different innovation metrics... [edited by author]
Description: 2014 - 2015
Appears in Collections:Ingegneria ed economia dell'innovazione

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