Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10556/3090
Titolo: Empirical applications of the interacted panel VAR model
Autore: Di Serio, Mario
Destefanis, Sergio Pietro
De Stefanis, Sergio Pietro
Fragetta, Matteo
Parole chiave: Interacted VAR
Fiscal policy
Zero interest rate lower bound
Data: 15-giu-2018
Editore: Universita degli studi di Salerno
Abstract: The Vector Autoregressive (VAR) Models can be considered as a dynamic multivariate extension of the univariate autoregressive models. This family of models has become very popular in macroeconomics analysis after the work of Sims(1980) and they are widely used in time series literature thanks to their flexibility. As a matter of fact, by setting appropriately a VAR model, we can describe efficiently the dynamics of the economy and provide quite accurate forecasts. During recent years, researchers developed different VAR models with the purpose to represent better the data generating process. Among these, the nonlinear VAR models have gained a central role in macroeconometric analysis in testing the theory, due to their capacity to capture a richer set of dynamics regarding current macroeconomic phenomenons. Depending on the specific model, they can allow, for example, different states (regimes) of the world, to allow the coefficients of the model to vary over time in each time unit, allowing for interactions between variables potentially revealing important information. The first paper included in this thesis is a survey which have the purpose to examine linear and nonlinear VAR models. The second and third papers present two empirical applications of the Interacted Panel VAR Model, which is a new nonlinear methodology we illustrated over the first paper. Specifically, we analyze in both papers the behavior of government spending multiplier when the interest rate is at the Zero Lower Bound (ZLB). This is a highly topical question since the outbreak of Great Recession, given that many policy makers have wondered whether fiscal stimulus would be able to help the economy to recover from recession. In particular, there exist two different and opposite theoretical predictions. New Keynesian DSGE models show that, when the interest rate is at the ZLB, a raise in government spending has a strong and positive impact on the economy. On the other side, theoretical prediction indicate very low multipliers, showing that an increase in government spending does not stimulate private activity. Although there exist many theoretical predictions about the size of government spending multiplier at the ZLB, very few empirical evidences are provided. These two paper aim to shed light on the size of the government spending multiplier at the ZLB. Among the nonlinear VAR models, we choose the Interacted (Panel) VAR Model because it offers an important advantage compared to others nonlinear approaches. Thanks to the interaction term, we are able to investigate among the entire sample. This can be done also within a time varying framework, but it implies a larger number of estimates which requires informative priors. In order to be as more agnostic as possible, we also use a Bayesian approach for inference but with uninformative priors. In the first paper we develop an Interacted VAR Model and conduct our analysis on the United States sample. In order to identify government spending shocks we use the sign restrictions approach, furthermore we use the forecast series of government spending to account for the potential effects of anticipation that can pose serious problems for the identification of government spending shocks. We find that the government spending multiplier ranges between 3.4 and 3.7 at the ZLB, while it ranges from 1.5 to 2.7 away from the ZLB. Then, we develop a Factor-Augmented IVAR (FAIVAR) model with the purpose to address another limited information problem. It confirms our results from a qualitatively point of view. As a matter of fact, the government spending multiplier ranges between 2.0 and 2.1 at the ZLB and between 1.5 and 1.8 away from the ZLB. These results are also in line with some recent studies which predict higher multipliers at the ZLB than in normal times... [edited by author]
Descrizione: 2016 - 2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10556/3090
È visualizzato nelle collezioni:Economia e politiche dei mercati e delle imprese

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