|dc.description.abstract||Principal aim of the present study was to revise the action of the sculptor Matteo
Bottigliero, who played a main role in the Neapolitan artistic scene of the eighteenth century,
establishing relations with the most important protagonists of the Neapolitan scene, including
Lorenzo Vaccaro, Francesco Solimena, Ferdinando Sanfelice and Domenico Antonio
The review of sources together with a new analysis of documents made possible to
integrate knowledge related to his artistic production and to expand the catalogue of his
artworks along the period of activity between the first and the sixth decade of the eighteenth
Our objective was also to verify findings of previous studies conducted over the years,
in order to catalogue the artirst’s works as completely as possible, and to describe the artist's
career in a monographic key.
We aimed to reconsider the entire sculptural production of Bottigliero, in order to
increase the knowledge of his artistic career. In this way, we could antedate the early stages of
his career and increase the number of his known artworks, including also complex artworks
made in collaboration with different skilled workforces.
We discovered therefore that the Neapolitan sculptor was deeply embedded in the
cultural context of his time and had frequent and personal relationships with key coordinators
and supervisors of scenary and architectural projects, such as Solimena and Sanfelice.
Firstly this work offered us the opportunity to draw the biography of the artist, who
was born in Castiglione del Genovesi (SA), and to retrieve the parental relationship between
the Bottigliero’s and Vaccaro’s families, together with the reasons for his admission in
Neapolitan area and specifically in the workshop of Lorenzo Vaccaro.
This work was carried out through targeted research at the most important Campania’s
Archives (such as Salerno, Naples, Caserta, Benevento) and offered us the opportunity to
enrich the documents about the artist's production, thanks to recovery of unpublished
material, which has been placed also in relation to what has emerged from the previous studies.
It was possible also to consider how the artist had the opportunity to collaborate with
leading Neapolitan marble workers (Raguzzino, Gentile, Picci, Bastelli), actively involved in
the transformation of artistic style from late Baroque to Rococò, often increasing his artworks
from the main cities to peripheral areas. This happened for example in Abruzzo, Basilicata,
Calabria and Puglia.
Concerning the artworks not included in the documentary sources, they were
catalogued in two different areas, one related to the artworks attributed to the sculptor from
the ancient “Guide di Napoli” and the second including those assigned to him by recent art
critics. In the first section there are artworks such as the “Addolorata di Capua” or the sculptural
group of “Cristo e la Samaritana del Monastero di San Gregorio Armeno”, which in subsequent
critical studies have fully confirmed. In the second section, instead, new proposals of
attribution or reconsidered but already known artworks are included on the basis of further
The final section is reserved to interventions excluded from the artist's catalogue
assigned to other contemporary artists, according to new emerged documents.
Finally, an update of bibliography was performed, with the aim of adding the copious
number of marble and sculptural artworks made in Naples in the eighteenth century and it was
able to witness the growing expansion of studies in the artistic panorama of the South of Italy. [edited by Author]||it_IT