Now showing items 1-20 of 280

    • Robotic anesthesia - A vision for the future of anesthesia 

      Hemmerling, Thomas M.; Taddei, Riccardo; Wehbe, Mohamad; Morse, Joshua; Cyr, Shantale; Zaouter, Cedrick (2011)
      This narrative review describes a rationale for robotic anesthesia. It offers a first classification of robotic anesthesia by separating it into pharmacological robots and robots for aiding or replacing manual gestures. ...
    • Advanced applications of robotics in digestive surgery 

      Patriti, Alberto; Addeo, Pietro; Buchs, Nicolas; Casciola, Luciano; Morel, Philippe (2011)
      Laparoscopy is widely recognized as feasible and safe approach to many oncologic and benign digestive conditions and is associated with an improved early outcome. Robotic surgery promises to overcome intrinsic limitations ...
    • Optical tecnology developments in biomedicine: history, current and future 

      Nioka, Shoko; Chen, Yu (2011)
      Biomedical optics is a rapidly emerging field for medical imaging and diagnostics. This paper reviews several biomedical optical technologies that have been developed and translated for either clinical or pre-clinical ...
    • Tracheostomy in spinal cord injured patients 

      Romero-Ganuza, Javier; Oliviero, Antonio (2011)
      Patients with cervical spinal cord injury frequently need prolonged mechanical ventilation as a result of worsening pulmonary vital capacity due to paralysis of respiratory muscles, severe impairment of tracheobronchial ...
    • Non-immortalized human tenocyte cultures as a vehicle for understanding cellular aspects to tendinopathy 

      Yao, L.; Bestwick, Charles S.; Bestwick, L. A.; Aspden, Richard M.; Maffulli, Nicola (2011)
      The biochemical mechanisms underlying tendinopathy are obscure. We briefly describe preliminary observations of human tenocyte behaviour in culture as a vehicle for determining the role of reactive oxygen in tendon pathology
    • Autoimmune liver disease: news and perspectives 

      Mieli-Vergani, Giorgina; Vergani, Diego (2011)
      Autoimmune liver disorders in childhood include autoimmune hepatitis and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis. These inflammatory liver disorders are characterised histologically by interface hepatitis, biochemically by ...
    • Adrenergic mechanism in the control of endothelial function 

      Sorriento, Daniela; Trimarco, Bruno; Iaccarino, Guido (2011)
      There is considerable evidence that many disease are associated with endothelial dysfunction and reduced nitric oxide production such as hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemias, diabetes, heart failure, atherosclerosis. Notably ...
    • Pre-and in-hospital non-invasive ventilation 

      De Robertis, Edoardo; Iannuzzi, Michele; Tufano, Rosalba; Piazza, Ornella (2011)
    • End of life in intensive care unit 

      Servillo, Giuseppe; Vargas, Maria (2011)
    • Potential clinical role of telomere length in human glioblastoma 

      La Torre, Domenico; Aguennouz, Mhammed; Conti, Alfredo; Giusa, Maria; Raffa, G.; Abbritti, R. V.; Germanò, Antonino; Angileri, Filippo Flavio (2011)
      Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common and lethal of human primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Due to the tumour’s intrinsic clinical and molecular heterogeneity, choice of initial treatment, prediction ...
    • Emergency contraception: an updated review 

      Guida, Maurizio; Marra, Marialuisa; Palatucci, Valeria; Pascale, Renato; Visconti, Federica; Zullo, Fulvio (2011)
      Emergency contraception is a common practice now. Many categories of drugs are marketed with modifications in dosage, in combination and even in the timing of administration. Recent re-analysis suggests that there is still ...
    • The clinical significance of delirium in the intensive care unit 

      Crimi, Claudia; Bigatello, Luca M. (2012)
      Delirium is prevalent among intensive care unit patients. It prolongs length of stay, increases costs, and is independently associated with higher mortality rates. While its specific biological pathways are largely unknown, ...
    • A polymorphism within the promoter of the dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1 -48A7G) associates with impaired kidney function in white hypertensive patients 

      Cipolletta, Ersilia; Ciccarelli, Michele; Izzo, Raffaele; Finelli, Rosa; Trimarco, Bruno; Iaccarino, Guido (2012)
      Dopamine DRD1 receptor regulates renal function and vascular resistance. It plays a role in the pathogenesis of hypertension in animal models. In humans, the DRD1 gene presents a A-48G polymorphism associated to hypertension ...
    • Sepsis-associated encephalopathy 

      Cotena, Simona; Piazza, Ornella (2012)
      Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is defined as a diffuse or multifocal cerebral dysfunction induced by the systemic response to the infection without clinical or laboratory evidence of direct brain infection. Its ...
    • 18F-FDG PET and PET/CT in the localization and characterization of lesions in patients with ovarian cancer 

      Caprio, Maria Grazia; Capacchione, Daniela; Mainolfi, Ciro; Spera, Anna Maria; Salvatore, Barbara; Cella, Laura; Salvatore, Marco; Pace, Leonardo (2012)
      Aim: The aim was to compare the imaging findings of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET and integrated PET/CT in patients with primary, recurrent or metastatic ovarian cancer. Materials and methods. 21 women with ovarian ...
    • Anatomy and surgery of the endoscopic endonasal approach to the skull base 

      Solari, Domenico; Villa, Alessandro; De Angelis, Michelangelo; Esposito, Felice; Cavallo, Luigi Maria; Cappabianca, Paolo (2012)
      The midline skull base is an anatomical area, which extends from the anterior limit of the anterior cranial fossa down to the anterior border of the foramen magnum. For many lesions of this area, a variety of skull base ...
    • Treatment of clavicle fractures 

      Paladini, Paolo; Pellegrini, Andrea; Merolla, Giovanni; Campi, Fabrizio; Porcellini, Giuseppe (2012)
      Clavicle fractures are very common injuries in adults (2-5%) and children (10-15%) (1) and represent the 44-66% of all shoulder fractures (2). Despite the high frequency the choice of proper treatment is still a challenge ...
    • Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage in pregnancy: a case series 

      Guida, Maurizio; Altieri, Roberto; Palatucci, Valeria; Visconti, Federica; Pascale, Renato; Marra, Marialuisa; Locatelli, Giampiero; Saponiero, Renato; Tufano, Rosalba; Bifulco, Francesca; Piazza, Ornella (2012)
      Pregnancy is a recognized risk factor for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Headache is very frequent in normal pregnancy and it is a common sign shared between several intracranial diseases. We present a case ...
    • Non invasive ventilation away from ICU 

      Vatrella, Alessandro; Fabozzi, Immacolata (2012)
    • Vaptans and hyponatremia in critical patients 

      D’Auria, David; Zito Marinosci, Geremia; De Benedictis, Giuseppe; Piazza, Ornella (2012)
      Hyponatremia is the most frequent fluid and electrolyte disorder in hospitalized patients (20%), particularly in ICU, associated with an increase in morbility and mortality. While hypovolaemic hyponatremia needs to be ...