Now showing items 1-20 of 127

    • Adrenergic mechanism in the control of endothelial function 

      Sorriento, Daniela; Trimarco, Bruno; Iaccarino, Guido (2011)
      There is considerable evidence that many disease are associated with endothelial dysfunction and reduced nitric oxide production such as hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemias, diabetes, heart failure, atherosclerosis. Notably ...
    • Pre-and in-hospital non-invasive ventilation 

      De Robertis, Edoardo; Iannuzzi, Michele; Tufano, Rosalba; Piazza, Ornella (2011)
    • Autoimmune liver disease: news and perspectives 

      Mieli-Vergani, Giorgina; Vergani, Diego (2011)
      Autoimmune liver disorders in childhood include autoimmune hepatitis and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis. These inflammatory liver disorders are characterised histologically by interface hepatitis, biochemically by ...
    • Emergency contraception: an updated review 

      Guida, Maurizio; Marra, Marialuisa; Palatucci, Valeria; Pascale, Renato; Visconti, Federica; Zullo, Fulvio (2011)
      Emergency contraception is a common practice now. Many categories of drugs are marketed with modifications in dosage, in combination and even in the timing of administration. Recent re-analysis suggests that there is still ...
    • Robotic anesthesia - A vision for the future of anesthesia 

      Hemmerling, Thomas M.; Taddei, Riccardo; Wehbe, Mohamad; Morse, Joshua; Cyr, Shantale; Zaouter, Cedrick (2011)
      This narrative review describes a rationale for robotic anesthesia. It offers a first classification of robotic anesthesia by separating it into pharmacological robots and robots for aiding or replacing manual gestures. ...
    • Tracheostomy in spinal cord injured patients 

      Romero-Ganuza, Javier; Oliviero, Antonio (2011)
      Patients with cervical spinal cord injury frequently need prolonged mechanical ventilation as a result of worsening pulmonary vital capacity due to paralysis of respiratory muscles, severe impairment of tracheobronchial ...
    • Optical tecnology developments in biomedicine: history, current and future 

      Nioka, Shoko; Chen, Yu (2011)
      Biomedical optics is a rapidly emerging field for medical imaging and diagnostics. This paper reviews several biomedical optical technologies that have been developed and translated for either clinical or pre-clinical ...
    • Non-immortalized human tenocyte cultures as a vehicle for understanding cellular aspects to tendinopathy 

      Yao, L.; Bestwick, Charles S.; Bestwick, L. A.; Aspden, Richard M.; Maffulli, Nicola (2011)
      The biochemical mechanisms underlying tendinopathy are obscure. We briefly describe preliminary observations of human tenocyte behaviour in culture as a vehicle for determining the role of reactive oxygen in tendon pathology
    • End of life in intensive care unit 

      Servillo, Giuseppe; Vargas, Maria (2011)
    • Potential clinical role of telomere length in human glioblastoma 

      La Torre, Domenico; Aguennouz, Mhammed; Conti, Alfredo; Giusa, Maria; Raffa, G.; Abbritti, R. V.; Germanò, Antonino; Angileri, Filippo Flavio (2011)
      Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common and lethal of human primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Due to the tumour’s intrinsic clinical and molecular heterogeneity, choice of initial treatment, prediction ...
    • Advanced applications of robotics in digestive surgery 

      Patriti, Alberto; Addeo, Pietro; Buchs, Nicolas; Casciola, Luciano; Morel, Philippe (2011)
      Laparoscopy is widely recognized as feasible and safe approach to many oncologic and benign digestive conditions and is associated with an improved early outcome. Robotic surgery promises to overcome intrinsic limitations ...
    • Anesthesiological considerations in shoulder surgery 

      Lanna, M.; Pastore, Antonio; Policastro, Carmela; Iacovazzo, Carmine (2012)
      In 1970, Winnie proposed the brachial plexus block as an alternative and effective anaesthesia technique for shoulder surgery. From that date, several techniques have been developed to approach the brachial plexus: the use ...
    • A new long-term reversible contraception method: sexual and metabolic impact 

      Visconti, Federica; Zullo, Fulvio; Marra, Marialuisa; De Masellis, Giuseppe; Caiazza, M.; Cibarelli, Francesca; Buonomo, Barbara; Guida, Maurizio (2012)
      Background: data relating to the influence of hormonal contraception on sexual life are conflicting and mostly they refer to oral contraceptives. In this study we evalueted the effect of a long-acting contraceptive on ...
    • Environmental pollution effectson reproductive health? Clinical-epidemiological study in southern Italy 

      Marra, Marialuisa; Zullo, Fulvio; De Felice, Bruna; Nappi, Luigi; Guida, Maurizio; Trifuoggi, Marco; Nappi, Carmine; Di Spiezio Sardo, Attilio; Zizolfi, Brunella; Capece, Giuseppe; Visconti, Federica; Troisi, Jacopo; Ciccone, Carla; Guida, Maurizio (2012)
      This study aims to address the clinical, statistical and Epidemiological Relationship Between Birth Defects and Environmental Pollution, in the Campania Region and in Salerno. Objectives: We examined four groups of subjects ...
    • Treatment of clavicle fractures 

      Paladini, Paolo; Pellegrini, Andrea; Merolla, Giovanni; Campi, Fabrizio; Porcellini, Giuseppe (2012)
      Clavicle fractures are very common injuries in adults (2-5%) and children (10-15%) (1) and represent the 44-66% of all shoulder fractures (2). Despite the high frequency the choice of proper treatment is still a challenge ...
    • Estrogens and neuropeptides in postmenopausal women: un update 

      Guida, Maurizio; Zullo, Fulvio; Buonomo, Barbara; Marra, Marialuisa; Palatucci, Valeria; Pascale, Renato; Visconti, Federica; Guerra, G.; Spinelli, Marialuigia; Di Spiezio Sardo, Attilio (2012)
      Menopause is characterized by depletion of ovarian follicles, a reduction of ovarian hormones to castrate levels and elevated levels of serum gonadotropins from the anterior pituitary gland. Although this process has ...
    • Allergens in allergy diagnosis: a glimpse at emerging new concepts and methodologies 

      Giangrieco, Ivana; Rafaiani, Chiara; Liso, Marina; Palazzo, Paola; Pomponi, Debora; Tuppo, Lisa; Crescenzo, Roberta; Tamburrini, Maurizio; Mari, Adriano; Ciardiello, Maria Antonietta (2012)
      Allergic diseases are important concern of public health. A reliable diagnosis is of utmost importance for the management of allergic patients both when immunotherapy is planned and when the treatment is essentially based ...
    • The clinical significance of delirium in the intensive care unit 

      Crimi, Claudia; Bigatello, Luca M. (2012)
      Delirium is prevalent among intensive care unit patients. It prolongs length of stay, increases costs, and is independently associated with higher mortality rates. While its specific biological pathways are largely unknown, ...
    • 1,4-Dihydropyridines: the multiple personalities of a blockbuster drug family 

      Cataldi, Mauro; Bruno, Fiorentina (2012)
      More than 40 years after their introduction in therapy, 1,4-dihydropyridines (DHPs) are still amongst the most prescribed drugs in the world. Though they all share a similar mechanism of action blocking L-type voltage-gated ...