Papillary thyroid carcinoma in paediatric age
Di Crescenzo, Rosa Maria
Rubino, Maria Serena
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In children, differentiated thyroid carcinoma is a rare condition. Early diagnosis is not always easy, because of the lack of clinical symptoms, but it has a pivotal role in performing a correct therapeutic process. The study describes three cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma. None of the three patients had a positive familiarity or exposure to risk factors. In two cases, the tumor occurred as a non-injurious swelling in the anterior cervical region, in the other case it occurred with a latero-cervical lymphadenopathy that had been persistent for a year. In the first two patients we made a certain diagnosis by the needle aspiration of the thyroid nodule; in the other case the diagnosis was made by surgical exeresis and histological analysis of the lymph nodes. We also performed blood chemistry and hormonal tests, neck ultrasound, chest x-ray. The three children underwent total thyroidectomy and two of them also underwent rightsided cervical lymph node exeresis because there was the presence of metastasis. In our experience, the best therapeutic strategy for children with differentiated thyroid carcinoma is the total thyroidectomy, followed or not by latero-cervical lymph node exeresis and radioiodiotherapy. The removal of the whole gland reduces the risk of relapse.