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Investigation of the groundwaterriver interaction, using Radon222 as a natural tracer, in a karst Mediterranean environment like in the case study of the Bussento river basin
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20100427)The naturallyoccurring radionuclides have proven to be powerful tools for assessing the time dependency of GSI processes. The radionuclide 222Rn (referred to as radon) has the advantage of being a radioactive noble gas, ... 
The neutrino interaction analysis chain in OPERA
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20110420)The aim of the OPERA experiment is to provide a “smokinggun” proof of neutrino oscillations, through the detection of the appearance signal of ντ’s in an initially pure νμ beam. The beam is produced at CERN, 732 Km far ... 
Improvements in the acoustical modelling of traffic noise prediction: theoretical and experimental results
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20110421)Traffic acoustical noise is one of the most important component of the urban environmental pollution in densely populated areas all over the world. A very recent ACICensis study [1] on Italian urban areas shows that car ... 
Flavor mixing in quantum field theory and quantum information
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20110510)After reviewing the formalism for describing flavor mixing, both in Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory, some consequences along three different directions are studied. First, it is proposed that flavor mixing can ... 
Detailed study of local and regional seismicity recorded by the underground UNDERSEIS array at Gran Sasso (Central Italy)
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20110513)In this work I analyzed seismic data recorded by two arrays installed in the area of Mt. Gran Sasso (Central Italy), one located at 1.4 km depth (UNDERSEIS), and the other at surface (Fontari). The aim is to compare the ... 
Magnetic orbital and transport properties in LaMnO3 based based heterostructures
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20110513)This thesis work deals with the magnetic, orbital and transport properties of (LaMnO3)2N(SrMnO3)N digital superlattices and of LaxMnO3d thin films, both deposited by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) technique on SrTiO3 ... 
Transport and proximity effect in unconventional ferromagnet/superconductor heterostructures
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20110530)This dissertation collects results of my own work about heterostructures with unconventional ferromagnets and superconductors. It both introduces the matter by reviewing part of the existing literature and it includes ... 
Exact solutions in general relativity and alternative theories of gravity: mathematical and physical properties
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20110606)In this thesis, we discuss several subjects connected with the framework of GR, in order to characterize astrophysical compact objects. The main purpose is to provide simple models describing gravitational fields generated ... 
Nb nanoporous ultrathin films: matching effects and interconnected wires
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20120303)When the applied magnetic field is higher than the lower critical field but below the upper critical field, a typeII superconductor allows magnetic flux to penetrate it in the form of vortices, a tiny normal area ... 
Electric transport properties of S/F hybrids: weak and inhomogenous ferromagnet
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20120330)Superconductivity (S) and ferromagnetism (F) are competing phases whose coexistence is unlikely to occur. Exceptions require a non−uniform profile both for the pairing and the magnetization, as in the case of the FFLO ... 
Particle mixing, two level systems and gauge theory
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20120426)In this thesis I will discuss the theory of two level systems and the theory of the oscillating particles in quantum eld theory. In the rst chapter I will consider the time evolution of a two level system, a qubit, ... 
Dissipation, mixing and two level system in quantum field theory
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20120430)In this dissertation we discuss several aspects of a two level system (qubit) in the context of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The presence of geometrical phases in the evolution of a qubit state is shown. We ... 
Magnetotransport properties of thin superconducting strips in the framework of Time Dependent Ginzburg Landau model
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20120530)This dissertation is addressed to summarize my experimental/phenomenological research activities conducted at the laboratories of Physics Department, University of Salerno. The experimental work consisted in the fabrication ... 
Trasporto quantistico di spin in eterostrutture magnetiche
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20120604)In questa tesi abbiamo studiato il trasporto di spin polarizzato e la torsione dello spin usando l’apporoccio della matrice di scattering secondo la teoria di Buttiker, nel caso di barriere magnetiche finite sotto l'effetto ... 
The ground deformations: tools, methods and application to some Italian volcanic regions
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20120613)The objective of this thesis is the study of slow deformation of the soil as a result of intrusion of magma inside the magmatic chambers of some volcanoes located in Southern Italy. In particular, the Mt. Vesuvius and ... 
Interplay of spinorbital correlations and structural distortions in Ru and Cr based perovskite systems
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20120702)The transition metal oxides are emerging as the natural playground where the intriguing effects induced by electron correlations can be addressed. Since the s electron of the transition metals are transferred to the ... 
Phase transitions in strongly correlated electronic systems
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20140619)We studied the some type of phase transitions in Strongly Correlated Electronic Systems. In particular we rigorously established some exact properties of a multiorbital Hubbard model, here formulated to describe a nematic ... 
Progettazione e sperimentazione di un percorso didattico sperimentale in superconduttività.
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20140731)Vengono presentate e discusse le fasi di progettazione, realizzazione e valutazione di efficacia di un percorso didattico di insegnamento/apprendimento incentrato sui materiali superconduttori partendo dalle loro proprietà ... 
An insight into gravitational microlensing and the search for exoplanetary systems
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20150430)Nature always offers astonishing shows to the humankind. Gravitational lensing is one of the most intriguing effects which can be observed, and the astrophysical applications of such a phenomenon span from particle physics ... 
Constraining models of extended theories of gravity with terrestrial and astrophysical experiments
(Universita degli studi di Salerno, 20150430)In this Thesis we report a general review of Extended Theories of Gravity and the fundamental aspects of General Relativity. We show the technicality of development of field equation with respect to Newtonian, PostNewtonian ...